The fact that premature babies are not fully developed has now been ascertained. Another vital system for human health, the immune system, is also underdeveloped at this time, leading to a greater risk of an infection. Due to the fact that premature babies often require medical and/or surgical exposure, there are numerous avenues in which an infection can assault the baby, be it via the feeding tube, a surgical incision, et cetera, as well as the fact that they will likely have to spend an extended amount of time in the hospital, where sick people reside.
For an added sense of security, many healthcare providers recommend that after 28 weeks, you formally monitor your baby's movements at least once or twice a day. There are lots of different ways to do these "kick counts," so check with your doctor or midwife about how she wants you to track your baby's movements. Here's one common approach: Choose a time of day when your baby tends to be active. (Ideally, you'll want to do the counts at roughly the same time each day.) Sit quietly or lie on your side so you won't get distracted. Time how long it takes for you to feel 10 distinct movements – kicks, twitches, and whole body movements all count. You should feel at least 10 movements within two hours. (Don't worry; it probably won't take that long. Sometimes you'll feel 10 kicks within the first 10 minutes.) If you don't feel 10 movements in two hours, stop counting and call your healthcare provider.