Our students have to complete a 3 yr surgical residency
just to obtain a license.
Many go on and do fellowships in wound care,reconstructive foot and ankle surgery
after this type of training many of these new Podiatrist’s over 50 % female by the way become certified to repair fractured ankles and to do internal ankle implants. I always tell my 3rd year students that I am envious of them all because they will get so much more rigorous training that I had and will not just be Fixing bunions.
Steve Levitz DPM
Remember, nothing is alleged to--or can have--happened to all of MLB over some one or two seasons: the claim is that PEDs were being used at a slowly but steadily increasing rate (and thus "distorting records") from very roughly 1980 through the present. Were that so, or anything like it, we would expect to see a clear long-term uptrend during this period. But we don't: we see a nearly flat line that, if anything, slopes slightly down. The "boost" just isn't there. But that doesn't seem to stop anyone from talking about it.
Moreover, those paint booths (as well as almost all the machinery) will be dramatically more compact and modular, and combined with the elimination of overhead conveyors, they allow Toyota’s future factories to be both smaller and entirely single story. This saves construction costs and heating and cooling bills (and consequently, CO2). But also opens a bigger role for … old-fashioned humans, who can now walk around and get to everything. I literally lean back in shock as we are shown an example of how it’s faster for a guy guiding a powered arm to place a seat in a car than it is for a robot to do it. More importantly, the guy doesn’t break down, halting the assembly line — which is another reason all the machinery will be at ground level. If anything robotic goes wacko, workers can simply go around the weak link (a maze of overhead machinery rules that out); we were even shown a time-lapse video of men changing a line itself (by hand) as they removed and inserted modular stations. It’s all refreshingly counterintuitive. The revenge of the human! It’s calculated that these “simple, slim, and speedy” Ever-Better Plants will drop factory investment by a whopping 40 percent, a quarter of that being plowed back into product development, another quarter into “benefits to the workers and surrounding communities” (an example being a bank of ex-Prius battery packs for load-leveling a solar panel array). The rest of that saved cash? My bet is this is how you budget in ever more sensors, infomatics, and driving-aid features. Something has to give to make part-time (and eventually fully) autonomous cars affordable. (It also gives some leeway for a variety of new manufacturing tricks Toyota hesitantly demonstrates, including mirror-quality robotic paint polishing, lightning-fast laser screw welding, dazzlingly complex painting schemes, and carbon-fiber panels.)