Exfoliative glaucoma (pseudoexfoliation or PXE ) is another type of glaucoma that can occur with either open or closed angles. This type of glaucoma is characterized by deposits of flaky material on the front surface of the lens (anterior capsule) and in the angle of the eye. The accumulation of this material in the angle is believed to block the drainage system of the eye and raise the eye pressure. While this type of glaucoma can occur in any population, it is more prevalent in older people and people of Scandinavian descent. It has recently been shown to often be associated with hearing loss in older people.
Eye care practitioners can choose from an impressive and effective armamentarium of drugs to combat infectious diseases that are caused by bacteria. In most cases, a combination steroid-antibiotic agent is the best choice to address both the infection (or the threat of infection) and the inflammation that results from bacterial inhabitation. High-dose, potent antibiotic therapy should be reserved only for those serious infectious cases where the cornea is truly threatened and should never be used injudiciously because of the evergrowing risk of antibiotic-resistant organisms.
Steroid and antibiotic eye drops - hydrocortisone/neomycin/polymixin B; loteprednol/tobramycin; prednisolone/gentamycin; prednisolone/sulfacetamide; hydrocortisone /neomycin/bacitracin/ polymyxin B (Blephamide, Catapred [discontinued], Isopto, Pred-G, Poly-Pred [discontinued], Tobradex, Zylet and many other brands) are steroid and antibiotic eye drops prescribed to prevent or treat eye infections that are associated with inflammation. Side effects, drug interactions, dosage, and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to using these medications.